How is the number of electors in each state determined? OG History is a Teen Vogue series where we unearth history not told through a white, cisheteropatriarchal lens. How does it work? In 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution does not require that people elected to serve in the Electoral College be free to vote as they choose. Including 3 votes for Washington DC, there are 538 electoral votes. If there was no majority vote getter, it went to the house where each state got one vote. The Electoral College is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States. These electors then vote for the president based off of voting in their state. This is the Electoral College. What would have to occur to change to a popular vote? Every 4 years, voters go to polls to select a President and Vice President, except for Maine and Nebraska. The advantages and disadvantages of the Electoral College show us that the system, while imperfect in some ways, has been a beneficial force in the elections held in the United States since its founding. The Founding Fathers created the Electoral College system as a compromise between having the president elected by Congress and having the president elected by the popular vote of qualified citizens. Candidates need 270 to win. For this reason, in the following discussion, the word “State” also refers to the District of Columbia and the word “Governor” also refers to the Mayor of the District of Columbia. Representatives - which may change each decade according to the size of each State's population as determined in the Census. Each State is allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. How does the Electoral College work? The presidential election is generally portrayed as a battle to win states and their accompanying electoral votes. How does the Electoral College work? It may be hard to understand at first, but when casting a ballot for president in November, you won't just be voting for one person. View source 1) Preserves the voice of the small-population states. The Founders believed that most common citizens of the day were poorly educated and uninformed on political issues. How exactly does this work? 48 states choose to allocate the electors in a winner-take-all manner. 270towin.com. There are a total of 538 electoral votes, and the number of votes each state receives is proportional to its size --- the bigger the state's population the more "votes" it gets. See our page on Reform Options for the Electoral College to find more information. Together, they constitute 132 electoral votes, but candidates need 270 to win. What was the last time a presidential candidate won the popular vote and lost the electoral vote (and did not become president). Each presidential candidate has pre-assigned electors in each state. The word college here refers to a group of people. If no candidate wins at least 270 electoral votes, the House of Representatives, choosing from among the top three electoral college finishers, elects the president by simple majority vote. 8 states have adopted this method including: California, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. The Vice President-Elect is chosen by the Senate in a separate process from the House, according to Amy Bunk, an attorney from the National Archives, which administers the Electoral College. But now, political parties choose electors. Here’s how it works. How the Electoral College works – and how it affected battleground states in 2020 Critics say the Electoral College process puts too much emphasis on swing states and negates the popular vote. study guide by ciara_fegan4 includes 2 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Electors cannot vote for a Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate who both hail from an elector’s home state. Although this method still fails to reach the full ideal of one-man one-vote, it has been proposed as a nationwide reform for the way in which Electoral votes are distributed. That group is made up of 538 people who are formal electors.. Each elector represents one vote in the electoral college. These electors then vote for the president based off of voting in their state. At the same time, Trump lost the popular vote by 2.8 million votes - … 100 senators + 435 House Representatives + 3 votes for Washington DC - from the 23rd amendment (they have no representation in congress). The person with the greatest number (must be a majority) of votes won the presidency; the person with the second most votes became the vice president. 1) Small-population states are over-represented. After you cast your ballot for president, your vote goes to a statewide tally. 1) What is the Electoral College, and how does it work? It concentrates attention to a few swing states, it discourages turnout if the state you vote in "doesn't matter," it discourages third parties and it leaves the possibility of faithless electors. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. These are the pros and cons of having an Electoral College and everything else that you should know about the process. With the Electoral College, all that matters is the final count of electoral votes, not actual votes, and that means a candidate may be supported by a minority only. Article 2, section 1 states: "Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors...no senator or representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector". The institution established by the Founding Fathers to elect the president. There are three main possible reforms of the Electoral College system. it is an instate compact which states agree to cast their electoral votes for the candidate winning the popular vote. A beginner's guide to the electoral college, the body of delegates that determines every presidential election — and why it matters so much for 2020. Altogether, there are 538 electoral college votes divided among the states. The winner of each district is awarded that district’s electoral vote, and the winner of the state-wide vote is then awarded the state’s remaining two electoral votes. This method has been used in Maine since 1972 and Nebraska since 1996, though since both states have adopted this modification, the statewide winners have consistently swept all of the state’s districts as well. brittany: this is the map breaking down election results you’re probably used to seeing. State law determines how electors are selected. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. The two senatorial votes (from the senate) are given to the winner of the state-wide popular vote. In all but two states, the candidate who wins the majority of votes in a state wins that state's electoral votes. The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction The President and Vice President of the United States are chosen indirectly by a group of persons elected by America’s voters. If there is tie, the house will vote on who becomes president and the senate on vice president, The founding fathers did not think the people had enough information or wisdom, they did not trust state legislators to put aside their own narrow concerns and think about national interest. How the Electoral College Works . An amendment to the constitution instituting a popular vote would have to occur (constitutional change). Electors who choose to not vote for whom they had previously pledged to vote for. How does the Electoral College work? The last time a presidential candidate won the popular vote and lost the electoral vote (and did not become president) was in 2000. States will select one elector within each congressional district based on the popular vote. How many electors are there? Is that how it works. When you vote for a presidential candidate, you are in fact voting to instruct the electors from your state to … Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state. Maine and Nebraska assign their electors using a proportional system. What are the weaknesses of the Electoral College System? Or, the candidate with most districts get 2 senate votes. Two states use the congressional district method. 2) This number is equal to that state's representation in Congress - the number of Senators (2) plus the number of … The electoral college meets every four years, a few weeks after election day, to carry out that task. What is the electoral college and how does it work? RELATED: Do the presidential debates matter? A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. How many electoral votes does a successful candidate need? The Electoral College was established in Article II, Section I, of the United States Constitution, and was later modified by the Twelfth and Twenty-third amendments, which clarified the process. Maine and Nebraska use this system. What are the arguments against the electoral college? 1. Under the "Electoral College" system, each state is assigned a certain number of "votes". Or how it works? How Does the Electoral College Process Work? The Founding Fathers chose it as a compromise between allowing Congress to choose the president and having the president elected directly by the popular vote of the people. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. The President is not chosen directly by qualified voters but by a majority vote of at least 270 electors. The Electoral College was never intended to be the “perfect” system for picking the president, says George Edwards III, emeritus political science professor at … Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Your State has the … In almost every state, the candidate to gain the highest number of votes will win the electoral vote for that state. The "Electoral College" is the group of citizens selected by the people to cast votes for President and Vice President. Also, Madison thought it combined the importance of states and population like bicameralism. The Electoral College system was established by Article II of the U.S. Constitution in 1788. 1) Each state is awarded a certain number of Electoral College votes (ECVs). In 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution does not require that people elected to serve in the Electoral College be free to vote as they choose. Author, lawyer and Electoral College expert Tara Ross does, and she explains that to understand the Electoral College … In 48 states and Washington, D.C., the winner gets all the electoral votes for that state. Including 3 votes for Washington DC, there are 538 electoral votes. 8 states have adopted this method including: California, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. 1) There's the popular vote (public votes) 2) Whoever wins the popular vote wins all of the electoral votes from that state (ex: Obama wins 60% of popular vote... gets all electoral votes) 3) The votes … The Electoral College system was established in Article II of the Constitution and was amended by the 12th Amendment in 1804. Under the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution, the District of Columbia is allocated three electors and treated like a State for purposes of the Electoral College. The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. Including 3 votes for Washington DC, there … After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. How are they distributed among the States? Every four years, voters go to the polls and select a candidate for President and Vice-President. What did the Framer's design the Electoral College this way? In all but two states it is winner-take-all. Tuesday following the first Monday in November - Election Day - voters cast their votes for their preferred candidate Monday after the second wednesday in December - Chosen electors meet in their state capitol to cast their votes for President or vice President People argue that its undemocratic - the popularly elected candidate may not always win. 1) Each state is awarded a certain number of Electoral College votes (ECVs). It is subject to change. How does the Electoral College work? 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