The school later became known as Alabama College, and is now the University of Montevallo. A legislature and a governor were elected in November, and the legislature was at once recognized by President Andrew Johnson, but not by Congress, which refused to seat the delegation. 1950 - State population= 3,061,743: 1950 Federal Census - At the University Press. Bell Factory (Madison County), state's first textile mill, chartered by General Assembly. Hispanic population=45,349. White population=335,185; ", Wiggins, Sarah Woolfolk. African-American population=345,109; African-American population=255,571; In addition, the state legislature had a senate based on one for each county. Montgomery in 1919, Cole sold over 50 million records and became the first African-American male with a weekly network television series. Russell Cave in Jackson County and the Stanfield-Worley bluff shelter in Colbert County). Governor Moore energetically supported the Confederate war effort. Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and uncertainty about agitation against slavery led the State Democratic convention of 1856 to revive the "Alabama Platform". By the Treaty of Madrid in 1795, Spain ceded to the United States the lands east of the Mississippi between 31°N and 32°28'N. Birmingham History Facts and Timeline (Birmingham, Alabama - AL, USA) First founded in 1871 through the merger of three neighboring farming towns, the city of Birmingham, Alabama, has a checkered history. 16th Street Baptist Church had been a rallying point and staging area for civil rights activities in Birmingham prior to the bombing. The Mississippian culture arose as the cultivation of Mesoamerican crops of corn and beans led to crop surpluses and population growth. Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. , The development of mining and manufacturing was accompanied by economic distress among the farming classes, which found expression in the Jeffersonian Democratic party, organized in 1892. Georgia likewise claimed all the lands between the 31st and 35th parallels from its present western boundary to the Mississippi River, and did not surrender its claim until 1802. Violence between Creeks and Americans escalated, culminating in the Fort Mims massacre. The Alabama region at the period of European contact is best described as a collection of moderately sized native chiefdoms (such as the Coosa chiefdom on the upper Coosa River and the Tuskaloosa chiefdom on the lower Coosa, Tallapoosa, and Alabama Rivers), interspersed with completely autonomous villages and tribal groups. In 1901, Southern Democrats passed a state Constitution that effectively disfranchised most African Americans (who in 1900 comprised more than 45 percent of the state's population), as well as tens of thousands of poor whites. By 1915, twenty-five percent of the nation's foundry pig iron was produced in Birmingham.. Rural population=934,292; 1724 - French Code Noir extended from French West Indies to North American colonies, institutionalizing slavery in Mobile area. White population= 1,228,832; 1944 - First Oil Well In Alabama: On January 2, 1944, the State of Alabama granted Hunt Oil Company a permit to drill the A.R. The portion of Alabama below the 31st parallel was considered a part of British West Florida. The Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples; it is one of the primary means by which their religion is understood. Urban population= 855,941; Eastwood Mall in business. 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