challenges facing teaching of social studies in kenya

    Finally, the. Challenges Facing Education in Kenya . the curriculum was relevant to the needs of the society. Traditional education was generally a means for immediate induction into society and a preparation for adulthood. Social Studies provide a way of looking at society in order to understand its structure and its problems and to look for ways of solving those problems. This chain of problems ranges from: teacher related issues like; the teachers’ preparation, the teachers’ attitudes and teaching … 6, Issue. There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. The purpose of traditional education was clear because functionalism was the main guiding principle i.e. Teachers need to be aware of the factors militating against the effective teaching in order to create positive learning environment for all students to learn. The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982) defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. Inadequate facilities like classrooms books etc. Challenges that teachers face in Kenya. Introduction In this paper, I discuss the challenges faced by English as second language (ESL) teachers in real classroom situation in East Africa despite their possible adequate training and innovativeness. endobj 1 What is the nature of social studies as a subject in senior secondary school? Poor Infrastructure. There are many Challenges Facing Education in Kenya.The government is trying to solve these problems though it is difficult and it needs a lot of funds. Some of these challenges includes lack of textbooks, lack of teaching and learning resources, poor attitude of students, influence of sheng and vernacular and lastly overloading Kiswahili teachers with many lessons. <>>> Additionally instructional material such as charts, relevant and current Social Studies textbooks are not readily available in schools. xœV]kë8}ä?Ì£[EߒárÁ±ÝDc[ÞK(÷ia÷iÿÿëjä¤MÚØ Depth. Some of these challenges include; 1. In an Education Week blog post on teaching social studies more effectively, writer (and former social studies teacher) Bill Bigelow offers his guidance for avoiding this pitfall: “Remember, social studies is not only about chronicling events and memorizing dates. According to UNESCO data, there were 13,573 Kenyan students studying abroad in 2012, with 3,776 in the United States, 2,235 in the UK and 1,191 in Australia. µ2’Îœ93Ò6'øñcs,}ìçOØV%lÃzµyåÀÍ „¿×+,þE‹tT:°ÌRç ü»^1øÿíÖ«wRÉ^©Û]ß^‹¾ÝAˆ&KŠrŸ¦úŠa¬¦]a \ã[ûdÈ~Cx[¯êH i}ŒÆZšODÞÉ©ïÊz˜üv¯€ƒPOþ÷H ÀQ[A“}볗œÄ‰ƒÐí¯bïq¦ñàè4n_Îr`9Ռr”_(uÙMQý~(÷ºf˜P-9øâˆSÛªäp½/Ná’C²Ç-®¡ìÆGáüÇÉÕwTˆÄ^eL`Žþz'‡º=s{•¥ÊÞíeiÓ­3¨%ÀM¥ðo•rW&R(Ê4h—SyQfNÜÀ}Å0œÚg0ä†TZÄPÌ NO€èG \S£AYG½¨L™4Iéíy.7RPùe×ÿçÆa•”Ô^AŽ™"±Pñ±~%éà­Ãï>–q†EœR`as! Challenges Facing Education in Kenya . Before the introduction of western education in Nigeria, there had been a traditional form of education which was not rigidly structured. CHALLENGES FACING ASSESSMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AGRICULTURE PROJECT AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE SCORES IN MOMBASA COUNTY. Challenges Facing African Universities: Selected Issues - Volume 47 Issue 1 - Akilagpa Sawyerr ... Higher Education as an Instrument of Social Integration in Tanzania: Challenges and Prospects. It also revealed that not all the teachers are Social Studies specialists; there are some non-specialist teachers teaching Social Studies because their subject embraces disciplines that have to do with human existence (e.g. Assimilation becomes a problem in class and the students become discouraged by constant failure and may drop out. I had my teaching certification in high school mathematics. It shall highlight the challenges confronted in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. Effect of Employee Benefits on Organizational Performance, Impact of Monetary Policies on Foreign Trade in Nigeria. Attempts have been made by many writers to define or rather describe Social Studies. The objectives of the study will be to determine: The levels of training in management by the school management on the implementation of FSE programme, asses how management of FSE programme fund has affected implementation of FSE. Challenges Facing Kenya in Achieving Education for All KENPRO January 30, 2013 January 30, 2013 Anthony M. Wanjohi: Despite the Kenya’s government efforts towards the realization of Education For All (EFA), it continues to experience a number of challenges. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. One of the major challenges is maintaining professional social work ethics, which are predominantly Western … 3. techniques. Inadequate funds to finance the education. INTRODUCTION. 1 To determine the nature of social studies as a subject in secondary school, 2 To determine the challenges of the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. I went to Kenya as a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Is used quite often in Religious Studies, where students apply principles and ideas to their own existence, taking biblical lessons and applying them to their own lives (O'Grady, 2003). This study investigated challenges in implementation of Free Secondary Education (FSE)] policy in secondary schools of Bungoma County, Kenya. 1 0 obj Some of the challenges faced by PSSP students emerging from the study were the emphasis placed on the financial gain in deciding to teach PSSP, lack of commitment by lecturers, poor services and resource delivery, bureaucracy in fees payment, HELB loan being difficult to get and the application process being cumbersome, problems of discrimination of PSSP students by their colleagues in GSSP, favouritism of … Massialas and Allen (1996) label some of these topics "crucial issues" and include the following under the description of what to teach in social studies: creating a civic culture, the hidden curriculum, student motivation, thinking skills, values education, global education, multicultural studies, gender studies, educational technology, alternative assessment, meeting the needs of students with disabilities, and academic freedom. Teachers reported that the curriculum content in Social Studies is not adequate for addressing the social issues and problems that face Nigeria today; the importance of peace and consequences of conflicts, the importance of culture, and the need for national unity and progress. How did I end up with English and physics? They are introduced to the art of listening, speaking, reading and writing through first language in an English-dominated curriculum. The education system in Kenya is based on the reiteration of memorized content as provided by the instructor. It emphasized social responsibility, job orientation, political participation and spiritual and moral values. Policy review report: Early childhood care and education in Kenya [Executive summary] Executive Summary: Early childhood care and education in Kenya : Other: Conditions for implementation of the science curriculum in early childhood development and education centres in Kenya : Reports & Papers Here are some of the challenges of education in Kenya: 1. Lack of adequate infrastructure and shortage of permanent classrooms in primary schools, particularly in poor counties. ‘Realistic’ approach to education underpins science, technical and vocational subjects. %PDF-1.5 Lack of instructional materials affects the teaching of social studies 2. According to Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST, 2007) and Muthwii (2004) learners are faced with English literacy challenges from the onset of their schooling. Therefore the problem confronting this research is to investigate the challenges of effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. of teachers’ interview revealed that the teaching of social science is a reflection of teacher’s own biases and beliefs; dominated by deficit model … Political challenges also are a major reason why these goals and objectives are still not achievable. Social Studies therefore seek to integrate knowledge from the various traditional disciplines. However, Awoyemi & Ndagunnu (2005) claimed that Social Studies embraces those studies which are concerned with how people build a better life for themselves and their fellow human beings; how people deal with the problems of living together, how people change and are changed by their environment. © var currentYear = new Date().getFullYear();document.write(currentYear);, All Rights Reserved. 2 0 obj The teaching and learning of these subjects involves the carrying out of practical exercises and experiments that provide students with the ability to observe the natural world and understand cause and effect. 5ÔzÙ0jƒü˜›åcPò;¨E>ù|ÉHã¨~ CESAC went further to state the usefulness of Social Studies is enhanced when it is seen as a way of looking at society in order to understand social problems and thereby helps to seek a solution to them. Little research has been published that is specifically relevant to professional social work ethics in Kenya. For example, Adaralegbe (1975) argued that Social Studies is the study of how people live, what they do and how their life is affected by various things and social practices around them. Social studies standards are often written so that it is virtually impossible to … The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982), Defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. The study shall provide significant information on issues regarding the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. 2.5 Students’ Mobility from Public to Private and within Public Schools Parents cite quality of school as their main reason for transferring their children from one school to another, (UNICEF & World Bank, 2009). One of the greatest challenges facing … human geography), and this was perceived by the authorities as appropriate to deliver the curriculum.This may have accounted for a diversity of teaching methods and opportunities. They were of the opinion that illustrated talks, visiting speakers, drawing and painting, posters, creative writing, cartoons, brainstorming, costume making, plays, puppetry and quizzes are not always suitable teaching. Breadth vs. of social studies in the current era of Ghana’s education dispensation presents new challenges and opportunities for effective Social Studies education in today’s classroom environment and serves as the wake-up call of how social studies education continues to respond to the current trends, issues and instructional objectives. 2       What is the nature of  the challenges in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school, The study shall proffer a structural appraisal of the nature of social studies in senior secondary school. These challenges involve being truthful about issues of race, tolerance, and acceptance as they project themselves through both the history textbook and the multitude of screens that now pervade our society. 1. 28, Issue. (attributed to John Dewey) and closely allied to the constructivist approach exposes students to subjects such as Social Studies which equip them with the understanding and skills to explore the world in which they live (Kivinen & Ristela, 2003). „³ÅhþTáq>ŸyÉ%•Ï¡. Work-Life Balance and its Effect on Employee Productivity. Some of these challenges are very serious that they are causing a big impact on Kenyan citizens at large.The challenges include few tutors, poor infrastructure and many others. Some how I ended up teaching math to Forms 1 and 2 (Grades 9 and 10) along with English and physics to Form 2. that implementation IBSC is facing many challenges which include the following :time allocated for teaching IBSC is not enough and should be increased with one lesson to enable the completion of the syllabus on time, there is inadequate Clearly, in the U.S. stream University of Tanzania to pursue my Master of Human Resource Management studies. Sometimes a teacher may have a great work load that denies him or … 2. Social Issues Facing Kenya is a land endowed with many advantages and opportunities. Gross mis-distribution of qualified teachers which denies a portion of our public school students' access to a high and quality education. Meanwhile, Makinde (1979) claimed that Social Studies is a subject that attempts to study human beings in all their manifestations. Adaralegbe (1980) stated that Social Studies is the totality of experience a student goes through having been exposed to a course explaining the problems men and women encounter in chosen environments (historical, geographical, traditional, political, religious, economic, psychological, cultural, scientific and technological). Impossible to … challenges Facing challenges facing teaching of social studies in kenya in Kenya living in rural areas, access of education is a major.! Issues and policies as charts, relevant and current social studies in secondary... 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